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BELVÍS DE MONROY CASTLE.
 
  From the left to the right. Seen of that panoramic of the castle. South-western frontage (medieval part).  
 
Belvís de Monroy, Impressive strength.

Belvís de Monroy is a small commune of Cáceres located at some 12 Kilometres of Navalmoral of Mata, this why its access proves very fast, since by Navalmoral it passes the rail-car of Extremadura roughly to some 180 Kilometres of Madrid.

Although they are numerous the remainders archaeologist found in the neighbourhoods of Belvís that they speak about the presence of inhabitants in Roman time (the Pine, Vines, necropolis Roman), and including prehistoric (Cave of Riveros, I Châtre de Valdecañas), the history of this population takes form as from century XII, when the Christian armies move these grounds with the Moors.

All starts in 1186, when Alfonse VIII founds the town of Plasencia and it equips it with a "vast alfoz" (vast jurisdictional term), in which one finds the sector of Arañuelo Field (where one places Belvís de Monroy). In century XIII, Fernando III the Saint would make already gift "of the pasture of Belvís" to the knights autochthones who had lent to him assistance in the war against the Moslems. But it would not be until end of this same century when Sancho IV makes gift "of the cortijo of Belvís" with Hernán Pérez del Bote with the mandate express train repopulate it and create "Strong House". It will be, therefore, him which will be given the responsibility to raise the beautiful fortress that majestic the higher part of this population chairs.

The higher of Belvís takes its final name, "of Monroy", when Mrs Isabel d' Almaraz, going down from the family Lancera, it Marie with Mr. Hernán Rodriguez de Monroy. This one will be one of the times more flowering of the area and the town of Belvís will be recognized like "that of Monroy", even with final step of propriety with the hands of the family Álvarez de Tolède.

The castle is a construction in which one appreciates a succession of styles since what is Gothic with what is Baroque, while passing by the Rebirth. For this diversity of styles it is necessary to add the variety of functions which it had, from the soldiers to the palace. The access to the fortress is very comfortable, while making it possible to the visitor to traverse the remainders of this splendid castle in an unequal state of conservation according to zones.

If we must subject it to exhaustive analysis we let us start to separate it in three parts: External defences, barriers with turns and troughs semicircular. The Castle itself, in which we could define as a polygonal enclosure with towers lay out around their structure. And finally, a series of dependences built during the 16th century and whose mission was to make a little more liveable the building.

In their interior there are two perfectly differentiated zones. The Eastern part, oldest, was built during centuries XIV and XV, and its structure eminently obeys mentality to militate of the middle Ages, where the prevention of any attack was the axis of activity on which one articulated any architectonic solution. We find the tower of the homage here, built in century XIII, in addition to enormous and important walls flanked by round troughs. It is perhaps this one the most attractive part from the castle, it is that which shows considering most imposing from the village. The rebirth involved the change of practices of noble Europeans, more worried to be surrounded of comforts and luxuries to increase its safety based on improving its fortifications indefinitely. Thus, in the northern part, architecture is turned over more refined and standard palate, clean of centuries XVI and XVII. There one built a large Renaissance court with two heights, of rectangular plant, with seven columns in the sides larger and six in the minors. Although it is completely dismounted, we can still consider the plinths (square bases) where the columns were placed. In this zone we find also series of dependences belonging to the century XVII with which they have been useful safe deposits, its ornamentations of stucco and engraved indicate already the adoption to us of the baroque style.

Although the state of conservation depends on the part of the castle where we are, we cannot pass from length. The castle of Belvis de Monroy deserves well a calm walk and a time devoted to its contemplation. The entry is free.

 
     
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